RNA polymerase copies the template strand of DNA and creates a complementary strand of messenger RNA. The newly created RNA strand serves as the template for creating a protein, so RNA polymerase is an essential component in the process of making proteins from the information encoded in genes.
The function of RNA polymerase II is to synthesize mRNA using a DNA strand as a template, explains UC Davis BioWiki. The process, by which an mRNA strand is constructed from a DNA strand, is called transcription, and the product is called a primary transcript, notes North Dakota State University.
The enzyme RNA polymerase works to produce primary transcript RNA, according to Nature Education. This makes it possible for cells to use DNA genes as templates to create chains of RNA, a process that is known as transcription.
The most basic difference between DNA polymerase and RNA polymerase is that DNA polymerase is used in the replication of DNA, while the RNA polymerase transcribes DNA to RNA. DNA polymerase also makes fewer mistakes than RNA polymerase so the replicated DNA is more accurate than newly transcribed RN
According to a North Dakota State University web page, the RNA polymerase binds to the part of the original DNA known as the promoter. This is because the promoter site includes special sequences vital to the binding process, which is true in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
DNA polymerase I is an enzyme that plays a role in the process of DNA replication, according to the biochemical research firm Worthington Biochemical Corporation. DNA polymerase I is abundant, and its task is to fill spaces in DNA if they occur during replication, repair and recombination.
DNA Polymerases are a group of enzymes used by the body to replicate DNA molecules to make new double-stranded DNA. These enzymes assemble the necessary nucleotides, helping them pair up to create new DNA.
The function of DNA polymerase is to replicate, proofread and repair DNA. Several DNA polymerases exist, but DNA polymerase I, or Pol I, and DNA polymerase III, or Pol III, are the main ones involved in DNA replication.
DNA polymerase II is a type of DNA polymerase: a category of enzymes that synthesize identical copies of existing DNA, allowing dividing cells to pass this genetic information on to their daughter cells. DNA polymerase II is found only in prokaryotes, or unicellular organisms, such as archaea, and s
There are three main types of RNA. They are messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and transfer RNA (tRNA). These three types of molecules perform different functions in gene coding and regulation.