A low hemoglobin count, also known as anemia, is caused by pregnancy, a menstrual period, a diet low in iron, blood loss, or a disease that causes the body to produce fewer red blood cells or to destroy red blood cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, medications also sometimes cause anemia. These inc
Low hemoglobin count only merits treatment when it takes the form of the disease called anemia, according to Mayo Clinic. The treatment for anemia varies with the cause. Iron deficiency, chronic disease, vitamin deficiency, aplastic anemia, bone marrow disease and hemolytic anemias are the various t
Symptoms of low hemoglobin levels, a contributing factor of anemia and blood count-related illnesses, include fatigue; shortness of breath; weakness; or a fast or irregular heartbeat, according to Mayo Clinic. Some patients may also experience pale skin and gums.
Low hemoglobin counts may be linked to certain diseases and conditions such as cancer, cirrhosis, hypothyroidism, iron deficiency anemia, kidney disease, leukemia and certain medications. Additional causes may include an enlarged spleen, vasculitis and blood loss resulting from a wound, bleeding in
The ranges for a normal hemoglobin rate are 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter for men and 12.0 to 15.5 grams per deciliter for women, according to Mayo Clinic. The normal hemoglobin rate for children varies according to gender and age.
The normal levels of hemoglobin are between 13.5 and 17.5 grams per deciliter of blood for men, and between 12.0 and 15.5 grams per deciliter of blood for women. If hemoglobin is lower than the normal level, a diagnosis of anemia can be made, notes Mayo Clinic.
Iron-deficient anemia is treated with iron supplements, taken orally or by injection, according to UpToDate. These supplements increase the production of hemoglobin and rebuild the body's iron reserves to combat anemia.
Causes of high hemoglobin include increase in red blood cell production, smoking, certain medications and bone marrow disease. Some conditions, such as heart failure, liver cancer, kidney cancer and dehydration can also lead to high hemoglobin count, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
According to the Information Center for Sickle Cell and Thalassemic Disorders, hemoglobin bonds to oxygen molecules from the lungs and delivers them to cells throughout the body. It does this with two similar bonded proteins which are necessary for the capture and release of oxygen via a central iro
Normal hemoglobin levels generally range from 13.8 to 17.2 grams per deciliter for a male, 12.1 to 15.1 grams per deciliter for a female and 9.5 to 13 grams per deciliter for an infant, states MedlinePlus. A normal hemoglobin for a newborn ranges from 14 to 24 grams per deciliter.