African elephants are listed as threatened under the American Endangered Species Act because the species is at risk of extinction due to poaching for their tusks, which are sold on the black market. In addition, the Afri... More »

Because of their size, adult elephants, including the African elephant, are classified as having no natural enemies. However, elderly, sick or baby elephants can fall prey to other animals, such as lions and crocodiles. More »

A matriarch African elephant leads the herd through migration by using her memory to find safe routes with plentiful food and water. Families of elephants join to make a large group for safe migration. More »

People hunt elephants to get their valuable ivory tusks. The elephant tusks are used for decoration, jewelry and to create statues. Elephants use the tusks as potential weapons against predators, such as tigers and lions... More »

The visible ivory tusks on elephants are made primarily of dentine and include small amounts of enamel. Tusk length varies among African and Asian elephants and is hereditary. The upper incisors may grow to 10 feet or mo... More »

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Depending on the species, elephants are found naturally in Africa and Asia. African elephants are found in most parts of Africa, while Asian elephants are mostly found in the tropical forests in Asia, such as in India, T... More »

Elephants have special structural features, such as tusks, trunks, teeth, ears and size, that help them adapt and survive in their habitats. An elephant's size can help to deter predators, and tusks can be used for defen... More »