Treatment for liver cancer is based on the stage of the cancer and overall liver health but may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or ablation therapy, according to MedicineNet. Embolization and liver transplant may also be options.
Liver cancer is diagnosed via a medical history and physical exam followed by imaging tests, laparoscopy, biopsy and lab tests, according to the American Cancer Society. Generally, if a doctor suspects liver cancer, an ultrasound is ordered to look at the liver and any suspicious tissue is biopsied.
The five-year survival rate for liver cancer found very early and not spread is 28 percent, according to the American Cancer Society. However, there are a number of individual factors that increase or decrease a person's chances of survival, including whether he has pre-existing liver conditions.
The overall 5-year survival for those afflicted with liver cancer is 16 percent, according to the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Liver cancer kills approximately 23,000 people annually in the United States, as of 2015. Approximately 33,190 people are diagnosed with primary liver cancer each
Signs of terminal liver cancer include symptoms such as jaundice, loss of appetite, weakness, fever and weight loss. People who have liver transplants can live through liver cancer, but only a small percentage of patients have that option, the American Liver Foundation says.
Some symptoms of end-stage liver cancer include worsening jaundice, drowsiness and confusion, according to Merck Manuals. Fatigue, pain, changes in appetite and difficulty breathing are additional symptoms of end-state cancer, reports the American Cancer Society.
Stages III and IV are the final stages of liver cancer. During these stages, there may be multiple cancerous tumors and a spread of cancer to blood vessels beyond the liver to lymph nodes or to other body parts, such as the bones or the lungs, according to Cleveland Clinic.
Because doctors cannot cure advanced cancer, treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and slowing its progression, according to the American Cancer Society. Advanced cancer has usually metastasized to other parts of the body, so systemic treatment that reaches cancer cells throughout the body, such a
Symptoms of advanced lung cancer include bloody mucus, coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, according to WebMD. As cancer progresses, other symptoms include bone and joint pain, dizziness, memory loss, blood clot, and lumps near the lymph nodes, reports Healthline.
A fatty liver can lead to the development of primary liver cancer, specifically hepatocellular carcinoma. It may also lead to cirrhosis, or scarring, and liver failure. Fatty livers can be alcoholic and nonalcoholic, and complications vary between these two types, but people with nonalcoholic fatty