When performing a permanent wave on hair, proper care must be taken during the wrapping process in order to produce a professional-looking, finished curl. The ends of the hair are protected by end papers; the wraps are r... More »

Using perm rods begins with opening the rods, clipping sections of clean hair, combing the unclipped sections and wrapping the hair around the perm rod smoothly. The mechanism must be fastened by stretching it across the... More »

To create compact curls that grows bigger, such as a curly Afro, take the ends of the hair, and roll upward until the curler reaches the scalp. Roll toward the floor, and keep the hair taut. For elongated coils like Shir... More »

A standard perm uses ammonium thioglycolate to break the natural disulfide bonds that create the natural texture of hair while it's in curlers. Then, a neutralizing agent stops the bond-breaking process and allows the ha... More »

Hair care experts recommend not getting the hair wet for 48 to 72 hours after getting a perm. After the waiting period, experts say not to brush or pull the hair straight when combing, but people should instead use a wid... More »

Wrap a piggyback perm by sectioning off the top portion of the hair from the sides, pinning the sides down and then applying the wraps, rolling the rods and securing them. Wrap the top section first, then wrap the sides ... More »

It is best to wait one or two weeks before coloring your hair after getting a perm. This period of time allows the strands to normalize again after the chemical process of perming. More »