Spain colonized America because the Spanish wanted to build their empire, create additional trading ports and routes, expand their military control and convert the native peoples to their religious beliefs. The Spanish f... More »

The Treaty of Tordesillas gave Spain territorial rights to most of North and South America. The treaty settled a dispute between Spain and Portugal over the control of the land discovered by Christopher Columbus. More »

Christopher Columbus opened routes to the Americas, so Europeans could colonize the region. Columbus also discovered gold in the Caribbean, and he claimed new land in the name of the Spanish Empire. More »

The Treaty of Tordesillas gave Spain territorial rights to most of North and South America. The treaty settled a dispute between Spain and Portugal over the control of the land discovered by Christopher Columbus. More »

No single group discovered Spain. The country has been repeatedly settled and occupied by distinct groups throughout history. The first sedentary group with long-term settlements in Spain was the Iberians, who came from ... More »

One of the most significant effects of Spanish imperialism in Latin America was the devastation of indigenous peoples. The Spanish conquest of South and Central America reduced the local population from an estimated 50 m... More »

The first person to officially give the name "America" to the lands commonly known as the "New World" was a German geographer by the name of Martin Waldseemüller. This was inspired by Amerigo Vespucci, a Florentine merch... More »