Cooks can substitute regular all-purpose flour or graham flour for wholemeal flour. Wholemeal flour is the British term for whole wheat, so these terms can be used interchangeably. More » Food Cooking Substitutions

Wholemeal bread is made from 100 percent wheat grain, while brown bread is made from mixing 85 percent wheat grain with white flour. Brown breads are also made by dyeing white bread with caramel coloring. More » Food Cooking Bread

Kefir spelt pizza dough and organic kefir with blood orange and dark chocolate are two good kefir recipes. The first recipe is slightly more complicated than the second one. More » Food Beverages
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Cooks can use an equal amount of white granulated sugar as a simple substitute for brown sugar. To keep the rich flavor and soft texture in baked goods, a tablespoon of molasses can substitute for each cup of sugar in a ... More » Food Cooking Substitutions

Cooks can substitute hot sauce or crushed red pepper flakes for chili paste. Chili paste is seasoned with salt and made up of hot peppers, oil and garlic. Cooks sometimes use dried peppers instead of paste. More » Food Cooking Substitutions

Cooks who happen to run out of sweet paprika for a dish can substitute other spices, such as ancho chile powder or Chipotle chile powder. In these cases, the chile powders swap evenly for sweet paprika, meaning 1 teaspoo... More » Food Cooking Substitutions

Semolina flour is a hard, high-gluten flour that is commonly used to create pasta or bread. Finding an appropriate substitute for semolina flour depends on several factors, including the type of recipe being served and t... More » Food Cooking Substitutions