Archaeologists and historians attribute the invention of the wheel to the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia around 3,500 B.C. It's most probable that the wheel came about as a series of slow incremental advances to existi... More »

Historians do not know who invented the first wheel. The name of the person or persons who came up with this extremely important development is lost to history. More »

The first vertical water wheel was said to be invented by a Roman engineer named Vitruvius. This occurred somewhere between 31 B.C. and 14 A.D. during the Augustan Age. More »

While the inventor of the first drum is unknown, drums were first played around 6,000 B.C. in Mesopotamia by the ancient Babylonians and Sumerians. Drums may have been used prior to this by pre-civilized humans, but ther... More »

It is believed that the Sumerians invented the arch somewhere around 6000 B.C. The Romans, however, receive much of the credit for perfecting the design. More »

The planet Mercury was first observed by Sumerians, a group of people who lived in Mesopotamia from 3,500 B.C. to 2,000 B.C. Sumerians called the planet Enki. More » Science Astronomy Planets

The first pulley can be traced back to Mesopotamia in 1500 B.C., when people used pulleys to hoist water. The first compound pulleys were invented by the Archimedes of Syracuse between 287 B.C. and 212 B.C., which were a... More » History Inventions