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www.historytoday.com/archive/california-becomes-state-union

At that time California had a white population of under 7,000. The lure of gold, however, drew a horde of prospectors and other immigrants in numbers which exceeded the figure of 60,000 required to become a state. They now demanded to accede to the Union.

www.answers.com/Q/Why_did_California_want_to_enter_the_union

No. California was to enter the Union as a free state, as one of the terms of the Compromise of 1850.

www.compromise-of-1850.org/admission-of-the-state-of-california-into-the-union

The Compromise of 1850 admitted the State of California as the 16 th free state of the Union. After the US-Mexico War the territory of California was governed by the military. Starting in January 1848 people from all over country and from foreign lands started coming to California attracted by the gold rush.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery_in_California

Although California entered the Union as a free state, the framers of the state constitution wrote into law the systematic denial of suffrage and other civil rights to non-white citizens. Some authorities went so far as to attempt to deny entry of all African-Americans, free and slave, to California.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.With 39.5 million residents across a total area of about 163,696 square miles (423,970 km 2), California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area, and is also the world's thirty-fourth most populous subnational entity, and is the most populated subnational entity in North America.

www.answers.com/Q/What_number_was_California_to_enter_union

No. California was to enter the Union as a free state, as one of the terms of the Compromise of 1850.

www.ipl.org/div/stateknow/dates.html

States – Ranked by Date that State Entered the Union – ipl Stately Knowledge: Facts about the United States

www.infoplease.com/us/states/states-by-order-of-entry-into-the-union

The date each state joined the Union is shown in the table below. Five states were added during the 20th century. Alaska and Hawaii were the last states to join the Union -- both in 1959. Joining the Union. Article 4, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution lays out how a new state can join the Union:

www.britannica.com/place/California-state

California, constituent state of the United States of America. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, 1850, and by the early 1960s it was the most populous U.S. state. No version of the origin of California’s name has been fully accepted, but there is wide support for the contention that it derived from an early 16th-century Spanish novel, Las sergas de Esplandián ...

www.sfmuseum.org/hist5/caladmit.html

Professor Hunt, born 1868, still wrote of California history as late as 1962 when he published Personal Sketches of California Pioneers I Have Known. He wrote this 1900 article, about the admission of California into the Union, while in his early 30’s.