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To determine a vehicle's wheel alignment specifications a technician uses three terms: camber, cast and toe-in. Broadly speaking, camber relates to the angle measurement of the wheel as seen from the front; caster represents the steering angle and pivot of the tires; and toe-in refers to the distanc


Front-end alignment specs are the recommended angles for the front wheels of a vehicle. The vehicle manufacturer sets the specs, which vary by vehicle. Each specification usually includes the preferred angle for the wheel, as well as the acceptable deviation in either direction. Manufacturers provid


A wheel alignment takes around an hour to complete for most vehicles. This alignment can help reduce the amount of wear on the tires and can improve fuel economy. Under normal driving conditions, a wheel alignment lasts 10,000 to 15,000 miles, but an annual alignment is recommended.


The cost of a standard wheel alignment usually includes adjusting the toe, camber and caster angles, as well as having the technician check the car's steering, tires and suspension. The service does not include the cost of replacement parts or their installation.


A wheel alignment on a passenger car takes about one hour, according to Precision Alignment & Tire, Inc. Once the alignment is completed, it should last from 10,000 to 15,000 miles, unless the car gets thrown out of alignment again due to hitting bumps or potholes.


To get an estimate for a wheel alignment, contact a local car dealership or repair shop, such as Pep Boys and Goodyear. As of 2016, the price of a wheel alignment ranges from $20 to $100 at a tire repair shop and from $75 to $400 at car dealerships.


One noticeable sign that a car has a severe wheel alignment problem is when the car automatically pulls towards the left or right side while being driven. In this situation, the driver is constantly wrestling with the steering wheel in an attempt to keep the car properly aligned with the road.


To find out a wheel torque spec, check the vehicle's manual, industry reference guide or the shop repair manual. Vehicle dealers can also provide an appropriate wheel torque spec.


A car likely needs a wheel alignment if its tires are unevenly worn. Vibrating steering wheels or those that are not centered are also indicators, as is a car drifting to one side during use.


Users can find torque specs for certain wheels at the Dorman Products wheel nut torque specifications document or at the Discount Tire wheel torque chart webpage. The two mentioned documents are not exhaustive, however. Torque specs for wheels of newer car models may not be available.