Common law and statutory law are two systems of law used in the American judicial system. Common law is based on prior court decisions while statutory law is made by the legislature. More »

“Mala in se” refers to acts that are bad all by themselves, such as violent crimes. The term “mala prohibita” refers to acts that are illegal even though they may not be actually evil, such as public indecency. More »

According to the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, natural law refers to those laws that derive their legitimacy from moral reasoning and are based on what is believed to serve the best interests of the common good w... More »

The word "statutory" describes something determined or controlled by a law, or statute. "Nonstatutory" refers to something based on customs or precedents. Most people simply use the phrase common law instead of nonstatut... More »

Equity establishes justice if common law is inadequate in certain circumstances, according to Cornell University Law School. The equity route is only an option when legal recourse has been exhausted. More »

The University of California at Berkeley notes that common law is uncodified, which means that there is not a complete collection of legal statues and rules, while civil law is codified. As of 2014, a majority of nations... More »

In the context of government and law, a formal amendment is "an addition or alteration made to a constitution, statute, or legislative bill or resolution," according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. The U.S. Constitution ... More » Government & Politics Law