According to the U.S. General Services Administration, neutral detergents are detergents created with strong alkalis and weak acids. Neutral detergents are also called "anionic detergents."
While they come in different brands and prices, most detergents share the same components, which can be classified into four groups: surfactants, functional materials, catalytic enzymes and fragrance. The integration of these components produces detergents, such as laundry detergents, soaps and biol
A detergent removes organic and oily stains from clothes by means of surfactants, which are one of detergent's main ingredients. Surfactants interact with water and oil differently, dislodging oily stains from clothes when they come in contact with water in a washing machine.
Detergents contain surfactants and enzymes that pull dirt and oil away from fabrics, according to About.com Chemistry. The molecular structure of a surfactant is such that one part of the molecule is magnetized to grease and dirt, while the other side of the molecule is magnetized to water. When sur
Detergent decreases the surface tension of water and attracts molecules of dirt and grease. The surface-active elements that make up detergent have two ends. The hydrophilic (water-loving) end attracts water and pulls it towards the hydrophobic (water-hating) end. This reduces the surface tension of
Neutralization of acidic water is used to reclaim mined land, while neutralization of soil promotes plant growth. Neutralization is also used for the safe disposal of acidic and basic hazardous wastes as well as to neutralize acids in the human body via antacid tablets and baking soda.
The best mild detergents are those that are considered safe and gentle enough for use on baby clothes, for example, Dreft, Seventh Generation and All Free and Clear. Because babies have sensitive skin, they tend to react to any detergent that is the least bit harsh.
The effects of detergents on the environment include the release of substances toxic to humans and other organisms in waste water and the carbon footprint involved in the manufacture of detergents. Additionally, the containers used to store detergents are often not biodegradable or recyclable.
The main ingredients found in detergents include surfactants, bleaches, builders, colorants, solvents, optical brighteners, resource efficiency, wash water and packaging. Each detergent manufacturer uses a combination of mixtures and secret ingredients to produce a specific brand.
Based on The Statistical Portal’s report on sales of the leading liquid laundry detergent products, the top detergent brand names in the U.S. are Tide, Gain, All, Arm & Hammer, Purex and Xtra. Consumer Reports mentions other detergent brands, including Wisk Deep Clean and Kirkland Signature Ultra.