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Soil erosion is a natural or artificial process where the top layers of soil are blown or washed away from wind or water. Most soil erosion is caused by natural sources like wind and rain.


Wind, water, ice and waves carry off soil particles and cause soil erosion. Although this is a natural process, human activities that disturb the surface of the earth increase the rate of soil erosion. Activities such as mining, construction, deforestation and intensive...


Soil erosion negatively affects the environment by stunting the new growth of plant life due to removal of topsoil. Erosion greatly reduces the quality of the soil.


Types of soil erosion include splash erosion, sheet erosion, rill erosion, gully erosion, stream channel erosion, tunnel erosion and tillage erosion. Soil erosion may be geologic or accelerated. Geologic erosion takes place over millions of years and is the result of na...


Soil erosion is caused when elements such as wind and rain remove surface soil. The eroded soil is then carried away and deposited by the wind or rain.


To prevent soil erosion, cover and protect all soil with plants or mulch. For large slopes, install a retaining wall to keep soil in place.


Soil erosion solutions include increasing ground cover, mulching, preventing tillage and building structures. The type of solution depends on the area in which the erosion occurs.