The thylakoid membrane contains chlorophyll, the photosynthetic pigment and other darker pigments as well. They are arranged in a pattern of dark and light bands. These rays capture light for two photosystems called phot... More »

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Mitochondria and thylakoid membranes are both responsible for the synthesis of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate, commonly referred to as ATP. Mitochondria are present in all living cells, and they produce ene... More »

Thylakoid membranes contain chlorophyll and other pigments that capture light so plants can conduct photosynthesis. The thylakoids are arranged in stacks inside the chloroplasts of a plant, with each stack connected to t... More »

Thylakoid membranes contain chlorophyll and other pigments that capture light so plants can conduct photosynthesis. The thylakoids are arranged in stacks inside the chloroplasts of a plant, with each stack connected to t... More »

A vacuole contains a fluid-filled sac that stores salts, water, minerals, nutrients, pigments and proteins within a membrane barrier called a tonoplast. Vacuoles can also contain waste products that make a plant taste bi... More »

Chloroplasts contain multiple structures, including the membrane envelope, stroma, grana, thylakoid membrane and chlorophyll. Choloroplasts are the organelles within plant cells where photosynthesis takes place. More »

Carotene and xanthophyll are the two classes of carotenoids in plants that function as accessory pigments in photosynthesis by absorbing light energy at wavelengths inefficiently absorbed by chlorophyll. They also protec... More »