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www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/spina-bifida

Spina bifida is a relatively common birth defect in the U.S. The words literally mean "split spine" in Latin. If a baby has the condition, during development, the neural tube (a group of cells ...

www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spina-bifida/symptoms-causes/syc-20377860

Doctors aren't certain what causes spina bifida. As with many other problems, it appears to result from a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors, such as a family history of neural tube defects and folate deficiency. Risk factors. Spina bifida is more common among whites and Hispanics, and females are affected more often than males.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spina_bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and membranes around the spinal cord during early development. There are three main types: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele. The most common location is the lower back, but in rare cases it may be the middle back or neck.

www.emedicinehealth.com/spina_bifida/symptom.htm

Spina bifida is a birth defect affecting the spinal column where it forms a cleft or splitting in the back part of the backbones (spinal vertebrae); in some patients, the more severe form involves the spinal cord. There are three main types of spina bifida, spina bifida occulta with no symptoms or signs (usually discovered by accident), meningocele (with a lump or cyst visible but usually ...

www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/spinabifida/facts.html

In some cases, spina bifida might not be diagnosed until after the baby is born. Sometimes there is a hairy patch of skin or a dimple on the baby’s back that is first seen after the baby is born. A doctor can use an image scan, such as an, X-ray, MRI, or CT, to get a clearer view of the baby’s spine and the bones in the back.

www.ninds.nih.gov/.../Fact-Sheets/Spina-Bifida-Fact-Sheet

What causes spina bifida? The exact cause of spina bifida remains a mystery. No one knows what disrupts complete closure of the neural tube, causing this malformation to develop. Scientists suspect the factors that cause spina bifida are multiple: genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors all play a role.

healthprep.com/articles/pregnancy-symptoms/causes-risks-spina-bifida

Spina bifida is a type of congenital disability caused by an improperly formed spinal column. Babies with spina bifida are born with a gap in their spinal bones that allows the spinal cord to protrude. In some cases, it can be so severe the nerves of the spinal cord protrude through the child’s skin entirely, […]

articles.mercola.com/spina-bifida.aspx

Living With Spina Bifida. Spina bifida has always been viewed as a complex birth defect with a low chance of survival. But with the right treatment and a stable support system, the life expectancy of some children with spina bifida can be significantly improved, allowing them to survive well into adulthood and lead fulfilling lives despite the physical, mental, social and emotional challenges ...

healthtopquestions.com/spina-bifida:symptoms-causes-and-treatment

Causes. The certain causes for spina bifida are not fully known. According to some research, spina bifida appears to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as a family history of neural tube defects and folate deficiency.

www.healthline.com/health/spina-bifida

The treatment for spina bifida will be different for each person because symptoms and severity can vary. In some cases, especially in spina bifida occulta, there may not be any treatment needed.