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The civilizations of the Mesopotamian area, which include the Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians and Akkadians, had numerous achievements, such as a form of written communication with pictures, mathematics, trade and astronomy. The Assyrians can claim credit for the firs...


One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.


The characteristics of Mesopotamian civilization included the city-state, irrigation, polytheistic religion, three distinct social classes and the development of the solar calendar. Mesopotamian civilization is thought to have been the first human civilization center of...


The laws and government of King Hammurabi are arguably the most well documented and important concerning ancient Mesopotamia, and consisted of a ruling king whose role was to protect the citizens while appeasing the gods. Day-to-day affairs were handled by civil servant...


Axes, utensils, blades and chisels were some of the tools that the Mesopotamian people used. They also used chains, hammers and sickles.


Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or...


Mesopotamia's social structure included a king and the nobility, priests and priestesses, the upper and lower classes and slaves. The social structure in Mesopotamia was hierarchical.