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www.reference.com/article/vertical-integration-8bb161ec4c6e27da

Vertical integration is an economic term that describes the merging of two different types business into one or the merging of two different lines of production within one business. What makes this type of merging, or integration, vertical is the fact that one of the bu...

www.reference.com/article/example-horizontal-integration-b41e40312f2a1ea3

An example of horizontal integration is the purchase of Kmart by Sears. Horizontal integration occurs when two companies at the same level in the supply chain merge.

www.reference.com/article/difference-between-vertical-horizontal-lines-9e8e73a2eba24c24

Horizontal lines are parallel to the horizon or parallel to level ground. They have a slope of zero and are parallel to the x-axis on a graph. Vertical lines are perpendicular to the horizon, parallel to the y-axis on a graph and have undefined slope.

www.reference.com/article/difference-between-horizontal-vertical-analysis-9bc67650e09327cf

Horizontal analysis makes comparisons of numbers or amounts in time while vertical analysis involves displaying the numbers as percentages of a total in order to compare them. Both are useful financial analysis techniques that calculate relationships between figures in ...

www.reference.com/article/difference-between-vertical-horizontal-model-business-637c7106607253a

A major difference between a vertical and horizontal model for business is that vertical models have many levels of management and supervision, while horizontal models are usually much smaller organizations with fewer management levels. Vertical business models have a l...

www.reference.com/article/disadvantages-horizontal-integration-19468a451476ad6a

Two primary disadvantages to horizontal integration include dealing with government approval of the plan and realizing anticipated benefits. Even if the plan goes through smoothly, the time it takes for the benefits to emerge can be much longer than planned.

www.reference.com/article/horizontal-vertical-curricula-48984cf58c3a211a

A vertical curriculum links knowledge from one lesson to the next across a program of study, while a horizontal curriculum integrates knowledge across different classes or disciplines. An integrated curriculum uses both approaches.