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Treatment options for thyroid nodules vary depending if the nodule is benign, cancerous or causing hyperthyroidism, according to Mayo Clinic. All types of thyroid nodules may require surgery, especially those that are ca... More »

Treatment options for thyroid cysts and nodules include thyroid hormone suppression therapy, radioactive iodine and surgery, according to Cleveland Clinic. If the thyroid cysts or nodules are benign, treatment may not be... More »

Thyroid nodules form when thyroid tissue grows, although the reason for their formation is not fully understood, according to Cleveland Clinic. Cancer causes some thyroid nodules to form, but most nodules are benign and ... More »

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Radioactive iodine shrinks thyroid nodules as part of a treatment for hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules and goiters with more than one nodule. However, pregnant women and women who are trying to have children should not h... More »

Possible causes of an underactive thyroid include autoimmune diseases, treatment for hyperthyroidism, thyroid surgery, radiation therapy and medications, according to Mayo Clinic. Less common causes of hypothyroidism inc... More »

Treatment options for thyroid cysts and nodules include thyroid hormone suppression therapy, radioactive iodine and surgery, according to Cleveland Clinic. If the thyroid cysts or nodules are benign, treatment may not be... More »

The purpose of thyroid surgery is to remove all or part of the thyroid gland to treat thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism or thyroid cancer, according to WebMD. It may also be performed to take a tissue sample to check for ... More »