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Elevated platelet levels or thrombocytosis is caused by a disorder of the bone marrow, known as primary thrombocythemia. It occurs in middle age, and affects women more than men, reveals Mayo Clinic.


High platelets are classified as either primary thrombocythemia, which can be inherited but does not have another known cause, and secondary thrombocytosis, which can be a symptom of another condition such as anemia, blood loss or cancer, according to Healthgrades. Other possible causes of secondary


Doctors treat an elevated platelet count, called thrombocytosis, by targeting its root cause. Thrombocytosis can result from a blood or bone marrow disease, which can overproduce and elevate the amount of platelets in the blood, states Mayo Clinic.


Causes of a high platelet count include cancer, recent spleen removal and anemia caused by premature destruction of the red blood cells, notes MedlinePlus. A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 400,000 platelets per microliter of blood.


Platelets are small fragments of cells in the blood that respond to injury by aiding the clotting process. Platelets adhere to the lining of injured blood vessels and create a platform for a fibrin clot to form and cover the wound, according to the American Society of Hematology.


According to the Red Cross, platelets, which are found in the blood, have a life span of five to nine days. The spleen eliminates any platelets that are old or that have stopped working properly. The University of Oklahoma states that bone marrow produces new platelets.


Symptoms of low platelet count, or thrombocytopenia, include blood in urine or stools, excessive bruising, prolonged bleeding from cuts and petechiae, which is a rash of small, reddish-purple spots, according to Mayo Clinic. Platelets perform a vital role by clumping in the blood vessels to stop blo


The platelet count can be increased by avoiding foods that cause low platelets and by maintaining an organic and nutrient-dense diet, states the Platelet Disorder Support Association. Doctors sometimes recommend blood transfusions and medications to treat extremely low blood platelet count, accordin


Blood platelets are cells that aid in the clotting process, according to the American Red Cross. They collect at the lining of the blood vessels in the event of a cut and help stop the flow of blood.


Better Medicine states that high platelet production is categorized as either primary thrombocythemia, which occurs for reasons unknown, or secondary thrombocytosis, which is caused by another condition, such as infection, anemia or cancer. A high platelet level means that the blood has an abnormal