The Neanderthal tools were made out of stone, as it was one of the most common materials in the areas where they lived and traveled. At that time other materials, such as wood or bone, weren’t strong enough for the kind of use they required.
Some 300,000 years ago, a new tool-making technique produced a sharp-edged flake of stone. Neanderthals were masters of this technique and made a wide variety of sharp tools.
Neanderthals apparently created the oldest known examples of a kind of bone tool used in Europe, thus raising the possibility that modern humans may have learned how to make these tools from ...
Acheulean tools worked from a suitable stone that was chipped down to tool form by the removal of flakes off the surface. Neanderthals used tools for activities like hunting and sewing. Left-right arm asymmetry indicates that they hunted with thrusting (rather than throwing) spears that allowed them to kill large animals from a safe distance.
===Mousterian Tools=== Neanderthal tools are more difficult to produce than Acheulean tools, requiring a much higher degree of preparation and planning. Neanderthals used a technique called '''Levallois flaking''' whereby a stone core is first prepared and then a larger oval flake is removed and further refined.
A 2013 study on the Kebara hyoid used X-ray microtomography and finite element analysis to conclude that the Neanderthal hyoid showed microscopic features more similar to a modern human's hyoid than to a chimpanzee hyoid. To the authors, that suggested the Neanderthal hyoid was used similarly to that in living humans, that is, to produce speech.
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The early Neanderthals from the late Middle Pleistocene site of Poggetti Vecchi (central Italy) were able to choose the appropriate timber and to process it with fire to produce tools. The artifacts recall the so-called “digging sticks,” multipurpose tools used by all hunter-gatherer societies.
Neanderthals used stone tools similar to the ones used by other early humans, including blades and scrapers made from stone flakes. As time went on, they created tools of greater complexity ...
A new study demonstrates that Neanderthals (once considered to be dull-witted, brutish, ape-like creatures) used “advanced hunting techniques to stalk and kill their prey,” including group ambush, which allowed them to get close to their prey and ensure a kill for the family or village to eat.