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American Standard, Kohler, Toto and Mansfield are the top four toilet manufacturers according to industry experts. Ranker.com lists brands somewhat differently, with American Standard, Mansfield, Bristan and VitrA taking the top positions.


Modern toilets are constructed from a variety of materials, including ceramics, plastic and stainless steel. The most common material used to make toilets is porcelain.


When the toilet is flushed, water from the tank rapidly drops into the toilet bowl, which forces the waste water down the drain. As the drop in the tank's water level is sensed by the float, the tank refills with water until the float shuts off the supply.


There are two main types of toilets: gravity-fed and pressure-assisted. Gravity-fed versions require as little as 10 pounds per square inch of water pressure, while pressure-assisted options use at least 25 pounds per square inch to flush.


After you flush a toilet, the water goes down the sewer pipes to the sewage treatment plant. In places where the home is far away from the sewer system, the waste water goes into large septic tanks. These tanks are cleaned and emptied regularly to keep the home safe.


Install a toilet by inserting new closet bolts in the flange. Next, affix a wax ring around the waste horn, set the toilet on the drain, tighten the bolts and attach the water supply line.


Remove a toilet by shutting off the water supply valve, flushing the tank repeatedly, sponging away remaining water and removing the closet bolts. Disconnect the water supply, lift the toilet off the plumbing stack and remove the wax ring.


The best one-piece toilet is dependent on several factors, such as affordability, functionality, maintenance, space requirements and personal taste. A one-piece toilet features a tank and a bowl fused together into one solid unit. Reputable brands include UltrMax, Kohler, ToTo and SaniFlow.


The weight of a toilet varies depending on its water capacity and its materials, but specifications provided by Lowes reveal that toilets can range in assembled weight from 70 to 120 pounds. On average, the weight varies somewhat between one- and two-piece models.


Toilet paper is made from bleaches (chlorine dioxide), fiber-extracting chemicals, water and trees, but depending on the manufacturing process used, the materials can change. One manufacturing process uses recycled paper, while another uses virgin paper, which is derived from chipped wood.