Risks of thoracic aorta surgery are bleeding, graft infection, heart attack and irregular heartbeat, reports MedlinePlus. Some patients experience kidney damage, paralysis and stroke. Death after thoracic aorta surgery o... More »

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A tortuous aorta is an aorta with a twisted or distorted shape. A tortuous aorta may increase the risk for a variety of conditions or complications, according to the Cleveland Clinic. More »

A doctor can determine the size of a thoracic aortic aneurysm by ordering a magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography scan of a patient's chest and measuring it, states the Society for Vascular Surgery. If the an... More »

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Risks of carotid artery surgery include seizures, brain damage, heart attack, gradual blockage of the carotid artery and infection, according to MedlinePlus. Carotid artery surgery may also result in inflammation of the ... More »

Tortuosity of the descending thoracic aorta is a condition in which the aorta is misshapen and is characterized by abnormalities in blood vessels, particularly in arteries, says Genetics Home Reference. The descending th... More »

People sometimes hear their heartbeat in their stomach because the abdominal aorta descends from the heart and into the abdomen. The abdominal aorta is the largest of the abdomen's arteries. More »

Risks of heart valve surgery include blood clots, bleeding during or after the procedure, pneumonia, infection, and breathing problems, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. A patient might also suffer from abnormal heart... More »

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