Humans inhale air that is rich in oxygen and exhale air that is rich in carbon dioxide. The pathway that air takes in the human body begins with the nose and ends with the alveoli in the lungs. More »

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The air that makes up Earth's atmosphere contains 20.9 percent oxygen. This is true up to about 70,000 feet above sea level. However, above 10,000 feet, the atmosphere becomes too thin to support human life, even though ... More »

In dry air that does not contain pollution, the predominant gas is nitrogen, which makes up 78 percent of the atmosphere. The next two most voluminous gases are oxygen (21 percent) and argon (1 percent). Other gases appe... More »

During gas exchange, oxygen from the air breathed in diffuses into the bloodstream, and carbon dioxide from the bloodstream diffuses into the air in the alveoli. This gas exchange occurs through the thin wall of the alve... More »

According to Estrella Mountain Community College, people need to breathe because human cells require oxygen to use food energy efficiently and to release the carbon dioxide generated by that use. The lungs are designed t... More »

Humans exhale oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen. Humans inhale these same gases, though in different proportions to exhalation; that is, oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide during breathing. More »

The main function of the alveoli is the exchange of carbon dioxide for oxygen in the lungs. Alveoli are small air sacs of the respiratory system. For this gas exchange to occur, air must travel through different parts of... More »

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