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Schemata become theories about reality. These theories not only affect the way information is interpreted, thus affecting comprehension, but also continue to change as new information is received. The importance of schema theory to reading comprehension also lies in how the reader uses schemata.
Mental Model Theory This theory is based on the idea that a reader constructs a mental model or mental imagery of the circumstances that they are reading about. This is particularly the case when people read fiction. This construction of a mental model then assists the reader in their comprehension of the text.
Schema theory is an explanation of how readers use prior knowledge to comprehend and learn from text (Rumelhart, 1980). The term "schema" was first used in psychology by Barlett as "an active organization of past reactions or experiences" (1932,p.201), later schema was introduced in reading by Rumelhalt (1980), Carrell (1981) and Hudson (1982) when discussing the important role...
Theories of reading development have come a long way over the past few centuries. Research and study have shown that exposure to words and books early on along with certain techniques in teaching and parenting can have a tremendous effect on a child's literacy and reading comprehension.
Gunning (2006) identifies three main theories of reading comprehension. These theories are Schema Theory, Mental Models, and Proposition Theory. Schema Theory Gunning (2006) defines a schema as the organized knowledge that one already has about people, places, things, and events.
According to schema theory, reading comprehension is an interactive process between the text and the reader's prior background knowledge (Adams and Collins 1979, Rumelhart 1980). Reading ...
Reading Comprehension: Theory and Practice .. l 1. Reading and Comprehension The traditional View held towards reading is that it is a two-component process: decoding and comprehension. Decoding is the visual analysis of the printed word, and comprehension is deriving the meaning from the ...
This article is in two parts. The first part will look at some of the shifts and trends in theories relating to reading. The second part will examine tips and guidelines for implementing a theory of reading which will help to develop our learners' abilities.
THEORIES OF READING AND IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHERS E. Marcia Sheridan INDIANA UNIVERSITY AT SOUTH BEND When reading current research, one is overwhelmed by the proliferation of "new" theories of the reading process. The purpose of this paper is to present the prevailing theories of reading comprehension, to ex