The Union financed the Civil War through war bonds, selling federal lands and instituting an income tax. Passed in 1861, the legislation levied a 3 percent tax against incomes over $800, and was increased twice during th... More »

During the American Civil War, there were 20 states in the Union, including Illinois, California, Indiana, Connecticut, Iowa, Michigan, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Vermont, New Yor... More »

While most of the major battles of the Civil War were fought in Confederate territory, the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg took place inside the Union. Both were the result of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's attem... More »

While most of the major battles of the Civil War were fought in Confederate territory, the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg took place inside the Union. Both were the result of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's attem... More »

"Yankee" was a name used by Southerners during the Civil War when referring to their northern rivals who were loyal to the Union. Northerners living in states like Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Connectic... More »

The primary draft law in the Union during the Civil War required all men between the ages of 20 and 45 to register, with quotas being drawn from every congressional district. Those chosen who did not wish to serve could ... More »

The Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate batteries shelled Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The Confederate commander at the scene was Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard, though his authority to fire on the for... More »

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