Many elements on the periodic table have names derived from Latin, including aluminum, calcium, cesium, chlorine, fluorine, gallium, iridium, radium, rubidium and scandium. Other element names are derived from languages such as Greek, Arabic and Anglo-Saxon. Some elements have been named for the cit
In the modern periodic table, elements are arranged by atomic number. They are placed with the lowest atomic number first, and elements with increasing atomic numbers run to the right. They are also arranged in vertical columns known as groups, with these groupings based on shared properties.
The periodic table arranges the known elements in order of increasing atomic number, which typically coincides with increasing atomic mass. Different rows on the table are known as periods. The period number assigned to each element signifies the highest energy level an electron within the element o
The smallest atom in the periodic table in terms of mass is hydrogen, which has only one proton and one electron. Hydrogen has no neutrons. The element has an atomic number of 1 and atomic weight of 1.00794, making it the smallest of all the elements.
Many different elements are named after people. Some are named after the scientist who discovered the element, while others are named in honor of a famous or noteworthy person.
Elements are named when a suggested name is approved by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). Most countries use the element name adopted by IUPAC. Names can come from many areas, including science, mythology, geography and chemical properties.
Neon is the least reactive element on the periodic table. As a noble gas, neon is colorless and odorless with extremely low reactivity in its natural state. Neon has an atomic number of 10.
Common table salt, without any of the extra ingredients that may be added to the retail food product, is a compound comprised of the metallic element sodium and the non-metallic element chlorine. The chemical name for pure table salt is sodium chloride, and it is represented by the chemical formula
Water is a molecular compound formed from the elements oxygen and hydrogen. It is the most abundant molecule on Earth and is essential to life on the planet.
The element nitrogen belongs to the nitrogen family, which is situated in the p-block in group 15 on the periodic table of elements. The elements arsenic, bismuth, antimony and phosphorus also belong to the same group because they share the same electron configuration and follow the general periodic