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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spina_bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy. There are three main types: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele.

www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spina-bifida/symptoms-causes/syc-20377860

Spina bifida can range from mild to severe, depending on the type of defect, size, location and complications. When early treatment for spina bifida is necessary, it's done surgically, although such treatment doesn't always completely resolve the problem. Types.

www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/spinabifida/facts.html

Spina Bifida Occulta (sounds like: o-cult-tuh; hear how “occulta” sounds External) Spina bifida occulta is the mildest type of spina bifida. It is sometimes called “hidden” spina bifida. With it, there is a small gap in the spine, but no opening or sac on the back. The spinal cord and the nerves usually are normal.

www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/spina-bifida

Spina bifida is a relatively common birth defect in the U.S. The words literally mean "split spine" in Latin. About 1,500 to 2,000 babies of the 4 million born in the U.S. every year have spina ...

www.spinabifidaassociation.org

The mission of the Spina Bifida Association is to promote the prevention of Spina Bifida and enhance the lives of all affected through research, advocacy, education, and support. What We Do. Education. We offer in-person and online education programs featuring medical experts, parents, and adults with Spina Bifida.

www.emedicinehealth.com/spina_bifida/article_em.htm

Spina bifida progresses from a cleft, or splitlike opening, in the back part of the backbones (the spinal vertebrae). In more severe cases, it involves the spinal cord. Spina bifida is the most common of a group of birth defects known as neural tube defects, which affect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).

www.healthline.com/health/spina-bifida

Spina bifida is what is known as a neural tube defect. It occurs during development prior to birth. It’s when the spinal cord, brain, or meninges (their protective covering) does not completely ...

www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spina-bifida/diagnosis-treatment/drc...

Spina bifida occulta often doesn't require treatment at all, but other types of spina bifida do. Surgery before birth. Nerve function in babies with spina bifida can worsen after birth if it's not treated. Prenatal surgery for spina bifida (fetal surgery) takes place before the 26th week of pregnancy.

www.healthline.com/health/spina-bifida-occulta

Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a common malformation of the spine. It occurs during a baby’s development in its mother’s womb, usually in the first month of pregnancy. In people with this ...

www.ninds.nih.gov/.../Fact-Sheets/Spina-Bifida-Fact-Sheet

Spina bifida, which literally means “cleft spine,” is characterized by the incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or meninges (the protective covering around the brain and spinal cord). It is the most common neural tube defect in the United States—affecting 1,500 to 2,000 of ...