A spinal fusion surgery, also known as lumbar fusion, carries the risk of blood clots, infection, pseudoarthrosis and nerve damage, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. In some cases, the bone graft... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Spinal fusion surgery patients can expect the procedure to last for a few hours while the surgeon uses a bone graft to fuse the vertebrae together, according to WebMD. Metal plates are inserted to support the vertebrae d... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Spinal fusion surgery joins together two or more vertebrae in the spinal column permanently so that no movement can occur between the bones, according to MedlinePlus. Bone graft material is typically used to fuse the bon... More » Health Conditions & Diseases
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Complications and side effects of spinal fusion surgery include infection, poor wound healing, bleeding, blood clots, and pain at the bone graft site, according to Mayo Clinic. Longer-term risks include accelerated risks... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Risk factors that affects recovery after a spinal fusion surgery include infection, blood clotting, fusion failure, bone graft pain, nerve injury and graft infection. The risks a person may experience depends on age, per... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Recovery from spinal fusion surgery takes a minimum of three to four months and may continue more than a year after surgery for complete bone healing, according to MedicineNet. Young, healthy patients with sedentary jobs... More » Health Conditions & Diseases

Although joining of the vertebral bones after spinal fusion surgery takes about six weeks, full recovery from the procedure takes about three to six months. Recovery time depends on the age, overall health and physical c... More » Health Conditions & Diseases