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www.reference.com/geography/many-countries-south-america-bf1c7b199b49998c

There are 12 countries and three major territories in South America. The countries include Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. The three major territories include French Guiana, the Falkland Islands and the Galapagos Islands.

www.reference.com/geography/south-america-located-b31c5684b3bebc41

The uppermost portion of South America lies at a latitude of 14.6048° S and a longitude of 59.0625° W, and it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and Central America. The continent is in the Western Hemisphere.

www.reference.com/article/south-america-kids-96b9bc10b98713d8

By size, South America is the fourth largest continent. It covers 12 percent of the land on Earth. South America is almost seven million square miles in land area.

www.reference.com/article/regions-south-america-bbfb14d20d003141

South America has three physical regions: coastal plains, river basins, and mountains and highlands. Each of these regions contains unique biomes, with the coastal plains containing desert biomes, the river basins containing tropical rain forest and grassland biomes, and the mountains containing alp

www.reference.com/article/animals-live-south-america-b7e133edeff0f504

Animals that live in South America include the alpaca, llama, guanaco and the vicuña, which are all members of the camelid family. Another animal is the capybara, which is the largest rodent on earth. The jaguar, ocelot and margay live in South America, as do several species of monkey, including the

www.reference.com/article/discovered-south-america-e987cbf733d9d15a

Christopher Columbus discovered South America in 1498. At the time of his discovery, he and his crew thought they had landed on an island. He named the island Isla Santa.

www.reference.com/article/climate-south-america-3a8a8f3c072c536d

While there are variations, most of South America has a hot and wet climate for much of the year. The continent is situated relatively close to below the equator.

www.reference.com/article/train-tours-offered-america-rail-48097be61e2c40be

Some of the train tours offered by America by Rail include trips through the eastern and western United States, Canada/Alaska and national parks. America by Rail also offers "Rail and Sail" tours, which include journeys on both trains and ships.

www.reference.com/article/definition-tour-operator-e0c230447bd8fe

By definition, a tour operator is a person whose job duties include organizing tours, whether they be for holidays or historic places. A tour operator is not generally involved in the day-to-day task of giving the tours or dealing with guests. This job is left to the tour guide.

www.reference.com/article/top-rated-tours-charleston-south-carolina-8e3800ebb0dd6728

Some top-rated tours of Charleston, South Carolina, are the Palmetto Carriage Works tour and Culinary Tours of Charleston. For history buffs, the Tommy Dew’s Walking History Tour is another good option.