There are 12 countries and three major territories in South America. The countries include Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. The three major te... More »

As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larg... More »

Bolivia and Paraguay are the two landlocked countries in South America. Both countries are situated in the central part of the continent. Paraguay is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil, while Boli... More »

According to National Geographic, three major land regions exist on the continent of South America: the coastal plains, the river basins and the mountains and highlands. The continent is a study of geographical diversity... More »

The longest river in South America is the Amazon River. It is about 4,000 miles long and can be as wide as 120 miles in the rainy season. More »

South America is renowned for its picturesque scenery, which is replete with a stunning array of tropical rainforests, extremely arid deserts, vast water systems, spectacular beaches and majestic mountain ranges with the... More »

While there are variations, most of South America has a hot and wet climate for much of the year. The continent is situated relatively close to below the equator. More »