There are 12 countries and three major territories in South America. The countries include Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. The three major te... More » Geography South America

As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larg... More » Geography South America

Bolivia and Paraguay are the two landlocked countries in South America. Both countries are situated in the central part of the continent. Paraguay is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil, while Boli... More » Geography South America
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The lowest point in South America is Laguna del Carbon at 344 feet below sea level. Located in Argentina in the province of Santa Cruz, it is the seventh lowest point on Earth, according to the U.S. National Park Service... More » Geography South America

The two dominant physical features of South America are the Andean mountain range in the west and the Amazon River basin in the northern and central regions of the continent. The Andes stretch 5,500 miles from north to s... More » Geography South America

The longest river in South America is the Amazon River at a total length of 4,049 miles. Only the Nile River in Africa is longer at a total of 4,160 miles. However, the Amazon River's discharge of over 7.3 million cubic ... More » Geography South America

South America is renowned for its picturesque scenery, which is replete with a stunning array of tropical rainforests, extremely arid deserts, vast water systems, spectacular beaches and majestic mountain ranges with the... More » Geography South America