Students with a degree in criminology may work in police departments as criminologists, developing procedures and policies, or in a government office as a criminal profiler or crime analyst. A degree in criminology may also prepare a student for a career in forensics, forensic psychology or law enfo
Common topics in criminology courses are the history of criminology, prediction and prevention of crime, white collar crime and victimology. A student of criminology also learns theories, vocabulary and research analysis of the overall subject in order to gain insight into how to approach the issues
The father of modern criminology was the Italian Cesare Lombroso (1835 to 1909). He altered the classic focus of crime from legalities and punishment to the individual criminal. Lombroso proposed that criminals are biologically different from other human beings.
The College of Criminology & Criminal Justice at Florida State University defines radical criminology as a branch of conflict theory. This branch is based in the Marxist philosophy that states that the power structure of capitalist societies is controlled by an elite few, while the rest of the popul
The Chicago School of Criminology refers to the work of the University of Chicago faculty and students studying the macro-sociological theory called social disorganization, used to understand crime rates in different neighborhoods. The university's department of sociology played an important role in
An undergraduate criminology major can lead to a career as a police officer, probation officer, corrections officer, forensic science technician or loss prevention specialist. The student can also gain work as a security specialist, private investigator or an insurance fraud investigator after gradu
The social learning theory, developed by Dr. Albert Bandura, proposes that learning can occur simply by observing the actions of others. While traditional theories of learning suggest that all learning is the result of associations formed by conditioning, reinforcement, and punishment, Bandura was t
Positivist criminology is a practice in the field of criminology that focuses on studying the relationship between criminal behavior and any external factors. There are two different types of positivist criminology: individual positivism and sociological positivism.
The University of California, Irvine, the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Florida feature some of the most highly regarded criminology programs. Criminology teaches students to understand not just the criminal justice system but the psychological and sociological issues that lead to
Social control theory is the idea that people obey rules and follow laws because that is what is generally accepted by everyone else. People strive to uphold regulations, not because they necessarily agree with them, but because of the principles these decrees represent. Social control theory is com