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Emphysema is caused by prolonged exposure to smoke, fumes and air pollution, says the Mayo Clinic. People who smoke are the most likely to develop emphysema. In rare cases, a congenital condition involving a protein defi... More »

www.reference.com Health Conditions & Diseases

Medications known as bronchodilators help relax narrowed airways to reduce emphysema symptoms. Inhaled corticosteroids and oxygen therapy are also common options for improving impaired breathing, according to Medical New... More »

www.reference.com Health Conditions & Diseases

Emphysema is a lung disease that, over a long period of time, leads to shortness of breath because of excessive inflation of the alveoli, which are air sacs inside the lungs, reports eMedicineHealth. Over time, the disea... More »

www.reference.com Health Conditions & Diseases
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Some common causes of air pollution are second-hand tobacco smoke, agricultural fertilizer application, fuel combustion from transportation, and industrial processes such as mining, fuel refinery and chemical manufacturi... More »

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