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Neuropathy is a term that refers to diseases or malfunctions of the nerves, according to eMedicineHealth. There are several types of neuropathy, including peripheral, cranial, autonomic and focal neuropathy.


The early signs of neuropathy are numbness, tingling, sharp pain, burning pain, sensitivity to any kind of touch, muscle weakness and problems with coordination according to Mayo Clinic. A more severe sign that tends to occur in later stages is paralysis.


Different types of neuropathy include peripheral, proximal, cranial, autonomic, focal and diabetic, according to eMedicineHealth. All neuropathy types affect different parts of the body, and these illnesses are due to disease or injury.


Symptoms of neuropathy include tingling and numbness in the hands or feet, heightened sensitivity to touch, sharp, burning or jabbing pain and falling or lack of coordination, according to Mayo Clinic. If the motor nerves are involved in the neuropathy, muscle paralysis or weakness may also occur.


Neuropathy, has a number of causes, including diabetes, vitamin deficiency, alcohol, auto-immune disease, inherited disorders and cancer, according to MedicineNet. While these are some of the more common causes, frequently no cause can be found.


Pain medications, anti-seizure medications and capsaicin are all generally used for treating neuropathy, although transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, or TENS, therapy is also sometimes used, according to Mayo Clinic. A combination of treatments may also be recommended.


Johns Hopkins Hospital employs a network of medical professionals who specialize in the treatment of neurological conditions, including hand neuropathy. Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York City also offers comprehensive treatments for nerve and muscle disorders including neuropathy, acute and c


Some ways to treat neuropathy are with medications and therapies such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, plasma exchange and intravenous globulin, according to Mayo Clinic. Other treatments for neuropathy are physical therapy and surgery.


According to the Mayo Clinic, a combination of medications, such as pain relievers, and therapies, such as physical therapy, can be used to treat neuropathy. Some doctors may recommend simply waiting to see if symptoms improve without medical intervention. Surgery is also an option in some cases.


The causes of neuropathy can be associated with diabetes, cancer, alcohol use, deficiencies and other factors. Neuropathy involves an increased release of neurotransmitters that are responsible for pain signaling, and the inability of nerves to regulate pain. Neuropathy treatment involves using medi