Sharks are fish, but unlike other fish, their skeletons are made of cartilage rather than bone, and instead of smooth, flat scales they have sharp, tooth-like scales called denticles. Scientists believe that sharks are 200 million years older than the oldest dinosaur, meaning they have been around f
An amazing fact about sharks is that the skins of females are much thicker than that of males. This is because male sharks tend to bite the females during mating. In its lifetime, a shark can go through about 30,000 teeth.
Some fun shark facts include that they have no bones, they have skin like sandpaper, have extraordinary sensory skills and teeth that are constantly being replaced. Most sharks never stop swimming and some species give birth to live young, called pups.
The size of a shark depends on its species. The largest living shark, the whale shark, averages 31.82 feet long. The extinct megalodon was even bigger at about 60 feet long. The smallest shark is the dwarf lanternshark, which is only 6.7 inches long.
More than 450 shark species have been documented as of 2014. Sharks have been around since prehistoric times, with evidence of their existence dating back hundreds of millions of years. The first sharks appeared in the world's oceans around 420 million years ago.
According to the Shark Foundation, sharks are found in most of the Earth’s oceans and seas. The highest shark biodiversity occurs in the warm waters of the tropics, but many species are found in Arctic and Antarctic waters as well. Some sharks, for example bull sharks, are even capable of swimming u
According to Shark Savers, sharks are important because of the role they play in the oceans. Sharks have a positive effect on food webs, ocean populations and habitat health.
There are approximately 470 known species of shark in the world, but it's impossible to count the exact number of individual sharks on the planet. World Wildlife Fund estimates that more than 100 million sharks are killed each year for their fins.
Of the 400 or so shark species on the planet, the shortfin mako shark is thought to be the fastest, capable of swimming at speeds from 22 to 60 miles per hour. Makos are aggressive, however attacks on humans are rare because the species usually stays in the open ocean.
Sharks are found in every ocean in the world and are sometimes found out of their habitat in rivers and streams. There are around 368 species of sharks in the world.