Transcription is the biological process where information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA. This transcribed DNA message or RNA transcript produces proteins. More »

Transcription occurs in the nucleus of the cell. The process involves making a strand of messenger ribonucleic acid (RNA) using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as a template. Transcription is the first step in making a prote... More » Science Biology Cells

Replication is the process by which DNA is copied during mitosis and meiosis; transcription is the process by which RNA is synthesized with DNA as a template. These processes have some fundamental similarities, but they ... More »

RNA polymerase copies the template strand of DNA and creates a complementary strand of messenger RNA. The newly created RNA strand serves as the template for creating a protein, so RNA polymerase is an essential componen... More » Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

During the transcription of genetic data to new cells, DNA is encoded to mRNA, also known as messenger RNA. The mRNA is then prepared to create a new DNA molecule through genetic codes established by amino acids. More »

Protein synthesis begins with the transcription of DNA into messenger RNA in the nucleus. After transcription, the messenger RNA reaches the ribosome where it is translated into amino acids. A chain of these amino acids,... More » Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

Class resources from The City University of New York describe the transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) anticodon as the three-peptide sequence at the base of a transfer RNA molecule that determines where and how the transfer... More »