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The subunits of enzymes are proteins, and the subunits of proteins are amino acids. The majority of enzymes are classified as proteins, but a select few consist of catalytic RNA molecules instead of protein subunits.


Carbohydrates are separated into three subunits: monosaccharides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides. Monosaccharides are the smallest of the subunits and are made up of single sugar molecules. The most common monosaccharides are the sugars fructose and glucose, and t...


The subunits of lipids are fatty acids and a connecting center. Triglyceride lipids, for example, consist of three fatty acids linked together with a glycerol ester.


Ribosomes are microscopic structures within living cells that convert genetic code into an amino acid sequence. They are also responsible for converting amino acid monomers into more complex structures called polymers. Ribosomes function primarily in the cell's cytoplas...


The subunit of DNA is called a nucleotide. A nucleotide is the basic subunit in a nucleic acid and consists of a pentose sugar, a phosphate and a heterocyclic amine.


The subunits of DNA and RNA are nucleotides. A nucleotide is made up of a phosphate group bonded to a sugar, which is then bound to a nitrogenous base. Both DNA and RNA consist of four types of nitrogenous bases.


Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis in a cell by translating messenger RNA, or mRNA, into amino acid chains. Ribosomes exist in the cell's fluid component and are bound to the rough endoplasmic reticulum.