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High blood pressure responds well to healthy lifestyle changes, such as cutting back on sodium and alcohol, exercising frequently, quitting smoking and eating a diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables, notes Mayo Clinic. It is crucial to get to an optimal weight and ma...


According to Mayo Clinic, primary hypertension, or high blood pressure, has no identifiable causes and develops over time. Medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, sleep apnea, congenital blood defects and adrenal gland tumors are causes of se...


Causes of high blood pressure include smoking, older age, thyroid and adrenal disorders, lack of exercise, obesity, chronic kidney disease, excessive alcohol consumption, excessive consumption of salt and a family history of hypertension. The common type of hypertensio...


The precise way people develop high blood pressure, known as hypertension, is unknown, according to WebMD. However, there are several risk factors for the disease, including obesity or excess weight, smoking, family history and too much salt in the diet.


A person has high blood pressure when the systolic pressure reading is 140 or above and the diastolic pressure is 90 or above, according to WebMD. Both numbers need not be over the limit, as one or the other indicates high blood pressure.


According to the American Heart Association, a patient is diagnosed with high blood pressure if the individual consistently has readings higher than 140/90 mm Hg. A reading of less than 120/80 mm Hg indicates that a patient has a normal, healthy level of blood pressure,...


Over time, untreated high blood pressure can cause damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes and brain, according to the American Heart Association. It also leads to erectile dysfunction and fluid in the lungs in many patients.