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There are many different types of prosthetic groups, including biotin, pyridoxal phosphate, thiamin pyrophosphate, flavin nucleotides and heme. Metallic ions, such as magnesium, copper, iron and zinc, are some of the mos... More »

www.reference.com Science Chemistry Organic Chemistry

A long chain of many amino acids is called a polypeptide. A polypeptide has hundreds or even thousands of amino acids linked together, while a peptide is a smaller chain of amino acids. As the name suggests, polypeptides... More »

www.reference.com Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

Nucleic acids are all made up of building blocks called nucleotides, which are compounds that are made of nitrogen, a carbon sugar ring and one or more phosphate groups. The five nucleotides are called cytosine, guanine,... More »

www.reference.com Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA
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NADP, or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, becomes NADPH when a positive ion of NADP is reduced. This end result is called reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. This compound is often a part of ... More »

www.reference.com Science Chemistry Organic Chemistry

A nucleotide is composed of a sugar, a phosphate and a heterocylic nitrogenous base. Nucleotides act as the monomers for nucleic acid polymers, energy carriers within the body and essential coenzymes. More »

www.reference.com Science Chemistry Organic Chemistry

Decomposers include certain types of bacteria, worms, slugs, snails and fungi. All of these organisms break down or eat dead or decomposing organisms to help carry out the process of decomposition. They are the last step... More »

www.reference.com Science Chemistry Organic Chemistry

Examples of metalloids are boron, germanium, arsenic, silicon, tellurium, polonium and antimony. These elements exist in the realm between metals and non-metals and can have properties of both. More »

www.reference.com Science Chemistry Organic Chemistry