Visually, potassium nitrate (KNO3) and potassium chloride (KCl) may be difficult to differentiate because they both appear as colorless or white crystals. However, the two compounds may be distinguished from each other b... More » Science Chemistry

The main side effects of potassium chloride supplements include an upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, gas and diarrhea, according to WebMD. Its main uses are for treating low amounts of potassium in the blood. More » Health Medications & Vitamins Side Effects

To treat hypokalemia, which is a low level of potassium in the blood, the adult oral dosage for potassium chloride is 40 to 100 milliequivalents per day, according to and Mayo Clinic. The same daily amount is g... More » Health Medications & Vitamins
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Most cold packs utilize water and ammonium chloride or ammonium nitrate to create endothermic reactions. Endothermic reactions require energy and obtain it by absorbing heat from the environment. More » Science Chemistry

Copper chloride dihydrate is a form of copper chloride that has formed crystals around molecules of water. In this state, each crystal of copper chloride contains two molecules of water, hence the name "dihydrate." More » Science Chemistry

The chemical element, nitrogen, was formally named by the French chemist Jean-Antoine Claude Chaptal when he discovered that it is a primary component of potassium nitrate, also known as nitre. The name of nitrogen is de... More » Science Chemistry

The equation Pb(NO3)2 + 2 KI is the left side of the equation for the reaction of lead(II) nitrate and potassium iodide. The full equation is written as Pb(NO3)2 + 2KI = 2KNO3 + PbI2, representing the products of the rea... More » Science Chemistry