According to WebMD, an abnormal Pap smear means that some of the cells on the cervix do not look normal. The causes for cervical cells looking abnormal can include human papillomavirus, bacterial or yeast infection or ce... More »

Abnormal thickening of the uterine wall occurs when estrogen and progesterone hormonal levels are imbalanced: excess estrogen with low or no levels of progesterone. The imbalance can result from overproduction of estroge... More »

An abnormal Pap smear means that there are cell changes in the cervix that do not look normal. Changes in cells of the cervix may be due to the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease that can be a ris... More »

According to a Cornell University Web page, the Pap smear, or Pap test, is named after Dr. Papanicolaou, known as Dr. Pap, who became a member of the university's Department of Anatomy in 1914. Papanicolaou developed the... More »

An abnormal Pap smear means that there are cell changes in the cervix that do not look normal. Changes in cells of the cervix may be due to the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease that can be a ris... More »

According to MedicineNet, vaginal bleeding occurs after a tiny brush used during a Pap smear scratches the cervix's fragile lining. The scratching and subsequent bleeding are no cause for worry. This sort of bleeding req... More »

MedicalVideos.org offers a video of a gynecologist performing a Pap smear. Viewers can also see a five-minute Pap smear video at the OBGYN Skills Lab from Brookside Associates. More »