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According to WebMD, an abnormal Pap smear means that some of the cells on the cervix do not look normal. The causes for cervical cells looking abnormal can include human papillomavirus, bacterial or yeast infection or ce... More »

www.reference.com Health Women's Health Reproductive Anatomy

Abnormal thickening of the uterine wall occurs when estrogen and progesterone hormonal levels are imbalanced: excess estrogen with low or no levels of progesterone. The imbalance can result from overproduction of estroge... More »

www.reference.com Health Women's Health Reproductive Anatomy

An abnormal Pap smear means that there are cell changes in the cervix that do not look normal. Changes in cells of the cervix may be due to the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease that can be a ris... More »

www.reference.com Health Diagnostics & Imaging
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According to a Cornell University Web page, the Pap smear, or Pap test, is named after Dr. Papanicolaou, known as Dr. Pap, who became a member of the university's Department of Anatomy in 1914. Papanicolaou developed the... More »

www.reference.com Health Women's Health Reproductive Anatomy

An abnormal Pap smear means that there are cell changes in the cervix that do not look normal. Changes in cells of the cervix may be due to the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease that can be a ris... More »

www.reference.com Health Diagnostics & Imaging

According to MedicineNet, vaginal bleeding occurs after a tiny brush used during a Pap smear scratches the cervix's fragile lining. The scratching and subsequent bleeding are no cause for worry. This sort of bleeding req... More »

www.reference.com Health Women's Health Reproductive Anatomy

Abnormal pap smear results lead to D&C exams primarily in cases in which the pap test does not indicate the place from which the abnormalities originate, according to ehealthMD. Physicians use tissue collected from D&C e... More »

www.reference.com Health Women's Health Reproductive Anatomy