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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_the_United_States

The history of postal service of the United States began with the delivery of stampless letters, whose cost was borne by the receiving person, later also encompassed pre-paid letters carried by private mail carriers and provisional post offices, and culminated in a system of universal prepayment that required all letters to bear nationally issued adhesive postage stamps.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamp

A postage stamp is a small piece of paper issued by a post office, postal administration, or other authorized vendors to customers who pay postage (the cost involved in moving, insuring, or registering mail), who then affix the stamp to the face or address-side of any item of mail—an envelope or other postal cover (e.g., packet, box, mailing ...

www.thoughtco.com/history-of-stamps-1992419

A schoolmaster from England, Sir Rowland Hill invented the adhesive postage stamp in 1837, an act for which he was knighted. Through his efforts, the first stamp in the world was issued in England in 1840. Roland Hill also created the first uniform postage rates that were based on weight rather than size.

classic.stamps.org/Stamp-History

Stamps and Collectors - a little History. The birth of the postage stamp dates back to May 6, 1840, when Britain issued its first stamp, the "Penny Black." But, how did people receive mail before this time, and what led to the idea of using stamps? Before the Envelope and the Stamp

www.2-clicks-stamps.com/article/us-postage-stamps-history.html

However, the first definitives in the history of the US postage stamps did not have perforation marks. The first US perforated stamp. Adapting perforation marks on US post stamps were introduced in the late 1850s. The first perforated American postage stamps were also issued in new denominations of 24c, 30c, and 90c.

about.usps.com/who-we-are/postal-history/rates-historical-statistics.htm

Postage Rates and Historical Statistics. Rates for Domestic Letters Since 1863 PDF | HTM; Rates for Domestic Letters, 1792-1863 PDF ... See the Postal Service's Domestic Rate History and Special Services Fee History on the Postal Regulatory Commission's Web site for rates for all categories of mail and services since 1970. ... Buy Stamps & Shop

www.akdart.com/postrate.html

The history of postage rates in the United States, 1863 to present, as well as several notes about the addition of zip codes, postcards and a lower rate for mail heavier than one ounce. Also a few news items about the US Postal Service.

www.wonderslist.com/10-valuable-rarest-postage-stamps

Here is a list of 10 of the most valuable and rarest postage stamps in history. 10. Basel Dove. The Basel Dove is a stamp issued by the canton of Basel in Switzerland, on 1 July 1845. It was the first tricolor stamp in the world and had a face value of 2.5 rappen. Basel was one of the only three Swiss cantons to print postal stamps.

store.usps.com/store/results/stamps/_/N-9y93lv

Shop our selection of Stamps on the USPS.com Postal Store

about.usps.com/who-we-are/postal-history/domestic-letter-rates-since-1863.pdf

Rates for Domestic Letters Since 1863 Effective Date Postage in Cents, per ½ Ounce July 1, 1863 3 October 1, 1883 2 Effective Date Postage in Cents, per Ounce1 July 1, 1885 2 November 2, 1917 3 July 1, 1919 2 July 6, 1932 3 August 1, 1958 4 January 7, 1963 5 January 7, 1968 6 May 16, 1971 8 March 2, 1974 10 December 31, 1975 13