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www.reference.com/article/ways-clean-patent-leather-1c19d12840975a26

There are several brands of patent leather polishers and cleaners available in brick-and-mortar shoe stores and from online retailers; alternatively, a person can use mineral oil. Petroleum jelly is also a do-it-yourself substance that people can clean patent leather.

www.reference.com/world-view/people-put-pennies-penny-loafers-67a781d5c9798c3c

The penny loafer originated when a shoemaker named John Bass created a type of loafer called a "Weejun" that had a split strap across the top of the shoe. People added embellishments into the opening of this strap for decorative purposes, the most common being a penny.

www.reference.com/article/stretch-patent-leather-shoes-7ccbfb9f2fd0233

To stretch patent leather shoes, take a plastic bag, and fill it halfway full with water. Seal the bag tightly. Place the bag in the shoe, and put the shoe in the freezer. As the water freezes, it expands, fills the available area and presses on the edges of the shoes to make them bigger. Put the sh

www.reference.com/world-view/appropriate-wear-patent-leather-e37b2349b9056293

While the days of little girls parading around in patent leather Mary Janes are long gone, the fashion rules have changed, allowing patent leather shoes to be worn year-round. From black to white and every color in between, patent leather makes a stunning addition to many outfits.

www.reference.com/article/leather-made-c7d8d22b5d6ab74f

Commercial leather is made in facilities called tanneries. Tanneries are factories in which hides or skins are dried, cured and treated with chemicals. This process causes the exteriors of the hides to calcify, preventing them from rotting or putrefying.

www.reference.com/article/leather-come-1dc86a8fec91dab2

Leather comes from animal hide, and common sources of leather include cattle, sheep, elk, deer and sheepskin. The production of leather is a process that takes approximately 10 days, depending on the material being processed.

www.reference.com/article/can-scuff-marks-removed-patent-leather-shoes-bfe80da50ea2c082

Minor scuffs can be removed with a gum eraser, while more stubborn scuffing might require rubbing alcohol according to Hints from Heloise. Depending on how severe the scuff mark is, it can be removed in these two different ways.

www.reference.com/article/can-patent-idea-b87a738a8af0d40a

Abstract ideas may not be patented, according to the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Additionally, laws of nature, physical phenomena, literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works and inventions which are not useful or are offensive to public morality may not be patented.

www.reference.com/article/patent-idea-62d6bf68812b776c

To patent an idea, make sure it qualifies and have a suitable description of all its aspects. You may file a patent application online for the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

www.reference.com/article/different-types-leather-41d4396bf070daac

The most common types of leather are aniline, semi-aniline and pigmented leather. Aniline leather is the most natural looking, but is the least resistant to soiling. Pigmented leather is the most durable, but looks less natural. Semi-aniline leather balances protection and appearance.