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As of 2014, the U.S. space program has lost two shuttle missions, with a loss of 14 astronauts' lives. The two lost shuttles were the Columbia, in 2003, and the Challenger in 1986. According to Space.com, the Columbia wa... More »

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The U.S. Space Shuttles flew at a variety of altitudes depending on their individual missions, mostly between 190 to 330 nautical miles above the Earth. The highest mission flown by a Space Shuttle was STS-82, where the ... More »

www.reference.com Science Astronomy Space Travel

The invention of the space shuttle occurred over many years beginning with the announcement of the shuttle design program in 1972 and ending with the first shuttle launch in 1981, though many improvements occurred throug... More »

www.reference.com Science Astronomy Space Travel
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Typical orbital paths for space shuttle missions covered regions between 57 degrees north and 57 degrees south of the equator and altitudes of between 155 and 600 miles depending on the mission profile. Orbital speeds we... More »

www.reference.com Science Astronomy Space Travel

Two space shuttles have blown up. The Space Shuttle Challenger blew up in 1986 less than a minute and a half after launch. In 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia exploded upon re-entry. In both accidents, all crew members d... More »

www.reference.com Science Astronomy Space Travel

NASA has operated six space shuttles, beginning with the prototype orbiter, which was flown in Earth's atmosphere during landing and flight tests. Two of the shuttles, Columbia and Challenger, were lost in accidents, and... More »

www.reference.com Science Astronomy Space Travel

The survival needs of astronauts in space depend on the amount of time in question, but for standard, short missions, they require protection against the frigid temperatures and protection from solar glare and the vacuum... More »

www.reference.com Science Astronomy Space Travel