A Pap smear, also known as a Pap test, is a routine procedure that checks for cervical cancer in women, according to Mayo Clinic. The test involves scraping the cervix gently to collect cells, then analyzing those cells for abnormalities.
The tools used for performing a Pap smear include a speculum, a plastic spatula and a small brush, according to WebMD. The sample cells are placed into a solution before being sent to the lab for testing.
The Medical Center of the University of Rochester explains that a speculum, cervical brush and a glass slide are used during a pap smear along with a preserving solution. The metal or plastic speculum is inserted into the vagina and opens the walls to make the cervix accessible to perform the test.
Endometrial cells are sometimes collected in a Pap test, according to the University of Chicago Medicine. Endometrial cells are found in the lining of the uterus. A Pap test is used to collect cells from the cervix and the vagina.
According to a Cornell University Web page, the Pap smear, or Pap test, is named after Dr. Papanicolaou, known as Dr. Pap, who became a member of the university's Department of Anatomy in 1914. Papanicolaou developed the Pap smear.
An abnormal Pap smear means that there are cell changes in the cervix that do not look normal. Changes in cells of the cervix may be due to the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease that can be a risk factor for cervical cancer. Although a Pap smear may be abnormal, it is not an
It can take up to three weeks for a provider to receive the results of a Pap test back from the lab, according to WebMD. Normal results indicate that there is no need for further testing, while abnormal results require follow-up testing.
A Pap test that does not include endocervical cells indicates the sample was not taken high enough in the cervical canal, the cytologist did not recognize the cells or the test was done six weeks postpartum, according to Operational Obstetrics & Gynecology. Doctors suggest redoing the Pap test in th
A pap smear is not expected to hurt, but some women have reported that they sometimes cause discomfort and pressure, as stated by Kidshealth. A pap smear is a procedure that is used to find out if there is any problem in a woman's cervix.
The results of a Pap smear do not indicate whether a woman is pregnant. A Pap smear examines the cells of the cervix for signs of cervical cancer or the presence of abnormal cells that may indicate the need for additional testing for gynecological problems, such as infections and some sexually trans