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Construction activities associated with oil and gas drilling leave behind radical impacts to the landscape. Well pad and road construction require the use of heavy equipment such as bulldozers, road graders and gravel trucks. Development of oil and gas complexes: Strip the environment of vegetation


Oil is a commodity in high demand. While most people would not argue about oil's importance, whether or not we should access and extract oil from below the earth's surface is a subject of frequent debate. Drilling for oil, both on land and at sea, can have a number of effects on the environment.


Apart from simply stopping the drilling, there are ways to guard against some of the negative environmental impacts of offshore oil drilling: Apply a thorough environmental assessment process before beginning the oil exploration. For projects in ecologically sensitive areas, sophisticated analyses will be required.


Technology helps reduce the effects of drilling for and producing oil. Exploring and drilling for oil may disturb land and marine ecosystems. Seismic techniques used to explore for oil under the ocean floor may harm fish and marine mammals. Drilling an oil well on land often requires clearing an area of vegetation.


4. Effects on the ocean floor. Offshore drilling physically interrupts the seabed environment and the benthic group. From the actual trail of the drilling rig, the underwater pipelines, searching ship channels and the cuttings and other debris from drilling, there are a lot of elements of drilling that leave a long-lasting effect on the sea floor.


Effects of Offshore Drilling: Energy vs. Environment - The effects of offshore drilling could take a serious toll on the environment. Learn about the effects of offshore drilling and marine transportation of oil.


The true overall environmental impact of oil drilling is hard to gauge, due to the paucity of baseline studies, said Jeff Short, a supervisory researcher for the U.S. National Oceanic and ...


A 2010 explosion at an offshore oil rig released millions of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. This environmental disaster contaminated over 1,000 miles of coastline and caused health problems for coastal residents. Offshore drilling doesn’t always cause such catastrophic effects, but disadvantages to extracting ...


The Atlantic coast has been off-limits for drilling since 1981. The Pacific coast could have about 22 billion barrels of oil, but that area hasn't seen offshore drilling in decades. The current ...


Oil wells have positive and negative effects. Their impact on the environment is largely negative. To drill for oil, land needs to be cleared. Drilling also creates waste and adds pollutants to the environment. The oil industry is a big part of the U.S. economy, though, adding millions of jobs.