Mount Pinatubo relief map. The location of Mount Pinatubo and the regional ash fallout from the 1991 eruption. The volcano is 87 km (54 mi) northwest of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. Near Mount Pinatubo, the United States maintained two large military bases in the region.
Mount Pinatubo is an active stratovolcano in the Zambales Mountains, located on the tripoint boundary of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga, all in Central Luzon on the northern island of Luzon.
Mount Pinatubo, volcano, western Luzon, Philippines, that erupted in 1991 (for the first time in 600 years) and caused widespread devastation.Mount Pinatubo is located about 55 miles (90 km) northwest of Manila and rose to a height of about 4,800 feet (1,460 m) prior to its eruption. After two months of emissions and small explosions, a series of major explosions began on June 12.
Location of Mount pinatubo. Detailed, interactive and static maps of Mount pinatubo and satellite images for Mount pinatubo. Mount Pinatubo maps.
A map of Mount Pinatubo showing nearby peaks and the evacuation zones. In early June, tiltmeter measurements had shown that the volcano was gradually inflating, evidently due to fast-growing amounts of magma filling the reservoir beneath the summit.
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The volcano is 87km northwest of Manila, the capital of the Philippines.Near Mount Pinatubo, the United States maintained two large military bases in the region. The U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay was 37km south of Pinatubo, and the extent of Clark Air Base was just 14km east of the volcano's summit. The volcano is near to about 6 million people.
Once the potential for lahars at Mount Pinatubo was recognized, scientists quickly prepared a preliminary hazard map. Since mid-June 1991, when violent eruptions triggered the volcano's first lahars in 500 years, a system to monitor and warn of lahars has been in operation.
In June 1991, the second-largest volcanic eruption of the twentieth century* took place on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, a mere 90 kilometers (55 miles) northwest of the capital city Manila.Up to 800 people were killed and 100,000 became homeless following the Mount Pinatubo eruption, which climaxed with nine hours of the eruption on June 15, 1991.
The Cataclysmic 1991 Eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, USGS Fact Sheet 113-97. Benefits of Volcano Monitoring Far Outweigh Costs–The Case of Mount Pinatubo USGS Fact Sheet 115-97. FIRE and MUD: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, edited by Christopher G. Newhall and Raymundo S. Punongbayan, 1996