Some medieval illuminated manuscripts are the Book of Kells, the Lindisfarne Gospels, the French Book of Hours, the Rochester Bestiary and the Codex Aureus. Medieval illuminated manuscripts include Bibles, gospels, praye... More » History Middle Ages

The two monarchs who ruled England during the time of William Shakespeare were Queen Elizabeth I and King James I. When Shakespeare was born in 1564, Queen Elizabeth had been on the throne for six years. King James ascen... More »

Estimates of crusade deaths range from as low as 1 million people all the way to 9 million. Because medieval societies did not always keep accurate birth and death records, it is impossible to know the exact number. Most... More »

Contrary to the common myth that Christopher Columbus "discovered" America, he was not the first European to reach North America; that honor arguably belongs to Leif Erikson, who landed in North American locations in mod... More »

One of the most famous Union ironclad ships was the USS Monitor, which was the first ironclad built by the U.S. Navy. Other Union ironclads included the USS Cairo, the USS New Ironsides and the USS Galena. More » History Middle Ages

The manor system was a common way of life in medieval Europe, consisting of a knight in charge of a manor and 15 or more peasant families working to support the manor. The knight was the lord of the manor, and peasants p... More »

The Vikings contributed to the modern English language, the modern taxing system, battle-ready military operations and the creation of currency to trade for goods instead of a bartering system. Some of these contribution... More »