At its peak in the mid-14th century, the Malian Empire was one of the largest and wealthiest of its era. Its largest city, Timbuktu, achieved international renown as a center of trade, culture and religion. More »

Mali is located in West Africa. It is a land-locked nation that borders neighbors Algeria, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Guinea and Burkina Faso. Mali has a land area of 480,000 square miles with a population of 14.5 milli... More » Geography Africa

Songhai, Mali and Ghana were medieval realms that flourished and declined in West Africa. These kingdoms primarily controlled trade through their vast deposits of gold and salt. More »

PBS "Japan: Memoirs of an Secret Empire" explains that samurai were an elite caste of warriors and administrators in Japan during the medieval period and following Shogunate era. Originally recruited on a local level fro... More »

Muslims were able to successfully build the Arab Empire because they conquered a lot of land quickly and then united the people of each land through the Muslim faith, also called Islam. The Muslim conquests took place in... More »

The 13th-century Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan, formerly known as Temujin. Between 1206 A.D.and the Khan's death in 1227, the Mongol Empire expanded from its base in the open country of Mongolia until it reac... More » History Middle Ages

The Mongol Empire, established by Genghis Khan, covered between 11 to 12 million square miles at its peak. It extended from Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan, north into Siberia and south into the Iranian Plateau. It wa... More » History Middle Ages