Foods that lower low-density lipoprotein, or LDL cholesterol, include dark chocolate, avocados, nuts and whole grains, according to WebMD. Soy food products, beans, fortified foods and fish such as albacore tuna, salmon, halibut and sardines also help to lower LDL cholesterol. Fruits and vegetables
LDL cholesterol is an unhealthy form of cholesterol that collects in the walls of blood vessels and causes blockages of atherosclerosis. LDL particles are microscopic blobs that are less dense than other kinds of cholesterol, states WebMD.
Those needing to lower their low-density lipoprotein cholesterol count can often achieve their goals with changes in diet and exercise, according to WebMD. Patients should also speak with their doctors to determine if they also need medication to lower this type of cholesterol.
An optimal low-density lipoprotein level is 100 milligrams or less per deciliter of blood, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. An LDL level of 190 milligrams per deciliter of blood is very high. Drug treatments and lifestyle changes lower LDL levels.
Elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels are primarily caused by factors within a person's control, such as diet, weight and the amount of physical activity. LDL cholesterol is also impacted by heredity, age and gender, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
When LDL levels are too high, LDL cholesterol can build up in the artery walls, eventually causing blockages that cause heart attacks, explains Mayo Clinic. Most people should aim for an LDL level below 130 milligrams per deciliter to reduce their risk of heart disease.
Foods such as fish, fruits, vegetables, whole-grain starches and nuts all help to lower LDL cholesterol levels, according to WebMD. Consuming alcohol moderately can help with overall cholesterol levels by raising HDL cholesterol, the "good" form of cholesterol.
Foods that are high in LDL cholesterol include animal products such as meat, cheese and eggs. Other foods high in LDL cholesterol levels include dairy products such as whole milk and ice cream.
Ideal LDL cholesterol levels range from 100 to 129 mg/dL in healthy individuals. Those with existing conditions placing them at a high risk for heart disease should aim for less than 100 mg/dL; below 70 mg/dL is ideal for very high risk patients, according to Mayo Clinic.
Increasing intake of soluble fiber and omega-3 fatty acids that boost HDL cholesterol and substituting foods that have saturated fats with nuts are among the best ways to lower LDL cholesterol levels through changes to the diet, according to Mayo Clinic. Combining these changes with exercise works e