Linus Pauling was the greatest chemist of the twentieth century, and arguably ever. He was a founder of quantum chemistry, molecular biology, and molecular genetics. To him we owe several indispensable scientific concepts including valence bond theory and electronegativity.
Best known to the public for championing the use of vitamin C for health purposes and for winning the Nobel Peace Prize, Linus Carl Pauling (1901–1994) was revered by his fellow scientists as a prolific researcher who made significant contributions to our understanding of chemical bonding and chemical structure.
Linus Carl Pauling (/ ˈ p ɔː l ɪ ŋ /; February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, chemical engineer, peace activist, author, and educator.He published more than 1,200 papers and books, of which about 850 dealt with scientific topics. New Scientist called him one of the 20 greatest scientists of all time, and as of 2000, he was rated the 16th most important ...
For the ultimate connection between science & society we need look no further than Linus Pauling. Not content with winning a Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1954, he went on to win another eight years later – this time for peace. A founding father of quantum chemistry and molecular biology, his contribution to science is difficult to summarise.
LPI continues to function as a working tribute to a great scientist, Linus Pauling. Linus Carl Pauling: A Biographical Timeline. An earlier version of this short biography was prepared by Barbara Marinacci and published in "Linus Pauling — In Memoriam" (Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine, 1994, ©LPISM).
Linus Pauling made important contributions in chemistry, mineralogy, the structure of proteins and many other biologically important elements, quantum mechanics, nuclear structure, the nature of mental disorders and nutrition. He was the first to note the alpha helical structure of proteins.
Linus Pauling's contribution to DNA research was the triple-helix DNA model. This model, which was published in 1953, was incorrect, but it did lay the foundation for James Watson and Francis Crick's correct model of DNA as a double helix. Pauling's model is incorrect because it shows the helical core being formed by phosphates.
Linus Pauling, American theoretical physical chemist who became the only person to have won two unshared Nobel Prizes. His first prize (1954) was awarded for research into the nature of the chemical bond and its use in elucidating molecular structure; the second (1962) recognized his efforts to ban
Linus Pauling: So far as my scientific career goes, of course, there was the decision that I made in 1945 — ’46 perhaps, but starting in 1945 — and that may have been made by my wife rather than me, to sacrifice part of my scientific career to working for control of nuclear weapons and for the achievement of world peace.
As part of its Profiles in Science project, the National Library of Medicine has made available online, in collaboration with the Oregon State University Libraries, a digitized selection of the Linus Pauling Papers. This website provides access to the portions of the Linus Pauling Papers that are now publicly available.